Main Street Capital: A Great Income Stock For 2024 NYSE:MAIN

The stock dividend rewards shareholders without reducing the company’s cash balance. Companies share their profits with shareholders by making cash payments called dividends. Once the company commits to make a dividend payment, it must record this future payment as an obligation in its books. “Stock dividend distributable” is the accounting entry for such an upcoming payment obligation. After original issuance, investors may trade the stock of a company on
secondary markets, such as the New York Stock Exchange.

  • Among the S&P 1500, 1,244 stocks are covered by at least five analysts polled by FactSet, with 99 of these having dividend yields of at least 5.00%.
  • A stock split is much like a large stock dividend in that both are large enough to cause a change in the market price of the stock.
  • Stock dividends transfer value from Retained Earnings to the Common Stock and Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par – Common Stock accounts, which increases total paid-in capital.
  • However, $100 is added to stock dividend distributable to reflect the par value of the 100 shares to be issued.

When declaring stock dividends, companies issue additional shares of the same class of stock as that held by the stockholders. If a company issues a 5% stock dividend, it would increase the number of shares by 5%, or one share for every 20 shares owned. If a company has one million shares outstanding, this would translate into an additional 50,000 shares. A shareholder with 100 shares in the company would receive five additional shares.

What Determines Retained Earnings?

The common stock account also increases by $100 to reflect the par value for the newly issued shares. At the time dividends are declared, the board establishes a date of record and a date of payment. The date of record establishes who is entitled to receive a dividend; stockholders who own stock on the date of record are entitled to receive a dividend even if they sell it prior to the date of payment. Investors who purchase shares after the date of record but before the payment date are not entitled to receive dividends since they did not own the stock on the date of record.

  • In this case, if the company issues stock dividends less than 20% to 25% of its total common stocks, the market price is used to assign the value to the dividend issued.
  • In year five, preferred stockholders must receive $120,000 ($45,000 in arrears and $75,000 for year five) before common shareholders receive anything.
  • This decrease occurs because more
    shares are outstanding with no increase in total stockholders’ equity.
  • If a 5-for-1 split occurs, shareholders receive 5 new shares for each of the original shares they owned, and the new par value results in one-fifth of the original par value per share.

Economists Merton Miller and Franco Modigliani argued that a company’s dividend policy is irrelevant and has no effect on the price of a firm’s stock or its cost of capital. A shareholder may remain indifferent to a company’s dividend policy as in the case of high dividend payments where an investor can just use the cash received to buy more shares. A dividend is a reward paid to the shareholders for their investment in a company’s equity, and it usually originates from the company’s net profits.

How to Record Sales of New Shares of Common Stock

While a few companies may use a temporary account, Dividends Declared, rather than Retained Earnings, most companies debit Retained Earnings directly. Kinder Morgan’s dividend currently yields 6.4%, putting its yield in the top 5% of those in the S&P 500. The company has already revealed plans to raise its payment by another 1.8% next year, which will be its seventh consecutive year of dividend growth. Its organic drivers (inflation-linked rate increases, volume growth as the global economy expands, and expansion projects) should boost its FFO per share by 6% to 9% annually. With inflation still elevated and a record capital project backlog, Brookfield is in an excellent position to deliver high-end organic growth over the next few years.

Stocks of such firms are called growth stocks, because the share price has significant growth potential over the long term. In exceptional circumstances, a firm may distribute shares as dividends instead of cash. Recording large stock dividends A stock dividend of more than 20 to 25 percent of the outstanding shares is a large stock dividend. Since one purpose of a
large stock dividend is to reduce the market value of the stock so the shares can be
traded more easily, firms do not use the current market value of the stock in the


When I double cut the pizza, this represents a 2-1 stock split with 16 shares of stock (or slices of pizza) for the new par value of $1 per share. BDCs with proven track records and record distributable net investment income are solid investments for passive income investors, in my view, and the dividend as well as the yield are set for ongoing growth in 2024. Though dividends can signal that a company has stable cash flow and is generating profits, they can also provide investors with recurring revenue. Dividend payouts may also help provide insight into a company’s intrinsic value. Many countries also offer preferential tax treatment to dividends, where they are treated as tax-free income. Investors in high tax brackets often prefer dividend-paying stocks if their jurisdiction allows zero or comparatively lower tax on dividends.

How to Calculate the Stock Dividends Distributable

When a company issues a stock dividend, it distributes additional shares of stock to existing shareholders. These shareholders do not have to pay income taxes on stock dividends when they receive them; instead, they are taxed when the investor sells them in the future. When a company issues a stock dividend, it distributes additional shares of stock to existing shareholders. In Exhibit 24, we summarize the effects of stock dividends and stock splits. Stock
dividends and stock splits have no effect on the total amount of stockholders’ equity. In addition, stock splits have no effect on the total amount of paid-in capital or
retained earnings.

The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act, passed in 1995, seeks to
protect investors against white-collar crime. Auditors are required by
this law to become more aggressive in looking for fraud in companies
they audit. A strong
company code of ethics and an effective internal control structure can
help deter fraud from occurring.

Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance. Adam received his master’s in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology. He is a CFA charterholder as well as holding FINRA Series 7, 55 & 63 licenses. He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.

This is the date that dividend payments are prepared and sent to shareholders who owned stock on the date of record. The related journal entry is a fulfillment of the obligation established on the declaration date; it reduces the Cash Dividends Payable account (with a debit) and the Cash account (with a credit). Note that dividends are distributed or paid only to shares of stock that are outstanding. Treasury shares are not outstanding, so no dividends are declared or distributed for these shares. Regardless of the type of dividend, the declaration always causes a decrease in the retained earnings account.

Leave a Reply